Parenthood journey is different for each couple. Some couples start enjoying parenthood as they think of it while some have issues with it. They decide to visit a fertility or IVF centre in Bangalore or their locality as they notice a delay in it. And the expert there interacts with them and advises them for fertility evaluation. If you are among the couples having issues in their family expansion plans, you need to educate yourself while seeing a respective doctor.
In the current world, infertility, a type of inability to reproduce, is common in couples. As per a study published on the website of the World Health Organisation in September 2020, the world has 186 million individuals and 48 million couples with fertility problems. Several factors like age, unhealthy lifestyle habits, and chronic health issues make a couple or individual infertile.
As a male partner, you notice you are infertile when you do not make your female partner pregnant even after having frequent unprotected physical intimacy at the right time. You can notice erectile dysfunction, a lack of interest in sex, etc. as a result of infertility in you. And as a female partner, you need to worry when you do not conceive conventionally. Your age, ovulation disorders, uterine issues, and endometriosis are some significant causes behind it.
As a couple, if you are under or above 35 and do not conceive a child naturally after making love for 6 months to a year, you should consult a fertility expert. The expert will help you detect the issues and move ahead in your parenthood journey through fertility evaluation.
What is fertility evaluation?
Fertility evaluation is a testing method to detect issues in the reproductive system in a couple and confirm whether a male or female partner is infertile and needs fertility treatment. It includes interaction, physical examinations, diagnostic tests, and imaging tests.
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Fertility tests for men
As you (males) approach a fertility expert, you need to explain what you are going through and disclose yours and your family medical history during the interaction. After that, the doctor will conduct a physical examination of your penis, testicles, vas deferens, and allied parts of your reproductive system. Your doctor can recommend following tests:
- Semen analysis to know the shape, count, and motility of your sperm
- Scrotal ultrasound – to examine the scrotum and detect testicular abnormalities
- Transrectal ultrasound to examine vas deferens, seminal vesicles, etc.
Fertility tests for women
After knowing your current reproductive health, medical history and family background in the held interaction, the doctor will conduct a physical examination of your vagina and cervix. The expert will recommend blood and urine tests to know the levels of fertility hormones like LH, FSH, AMH, and Estradiol. Here are some specific tests that you may need to have:
- Ultrasound to detect fibroids and ovarian cysts. Further, it helps the doctor to know the size and position of endometriosis and uterus and the number of eggs in the ovaries.
- Hysterosalpingogram to detect the damage or blockage in your fallopian tubes
- Diagnostic Hysterolaparoscopy to examine your pelvic area and treat endometriosis, uterine issues, fibroids, and ovarian cysts
What after fertility evaluation
After evaluating your fertility, the doctor will state whether you or your spouse has the issues that obstruct both of you from enjoying parenthood. The doctor will recommend the most suitable and effective treatment options that could be:
- Fertility drugs
- Lifestyle changes
Fertility evaluation helps a couple know the exact issue. It includes interaction, physical examinations and specific tests to detect fertility issues in males or females. Based on all these, the expert advises what a couple should do to expand their family or enjoy parenthood.