Kidney diseases are one of the most common health complaints. Here, diabetes insipidus is a rare condition that results in an imbalance of body fluid. Such imbalance increases the amount of urine. The significant reason for this disorder is problems with the body’s way of producing and using the antidiuretic hormone(Nephrologist in Siliguri).
The terms diabetes mellitus and diabetes insipidus often overlap. But both are different. Diabetes insipidus may range from mild, moderate to severe. Maybe your body is unable to produce an adequate amount of antidiuretic hormone. Or your kidney doesn’t use it effectively. You may consider talking to the best nephrologist in Siliguri.
People with diabetes insipidus tend to pee more frequently in large amounts. And they keep drinking water in order to soothe their thirst. Dehydration is a common complication of diabetes insipidus. And if dehydration occurs can lead you to other health concerns.
Identifying The Symptoms
Widely experienced signs of diabetes insipidus include:
- Need to pee more often
- A feeling of too much thirst
- Nighttime urination/nocturia
- Passing large amounts of urine
Besides such signs, you may get symptoms of dehydration if you don’t keep yourself well hydrated, including:
- Dry mouth
- Dark yellow pee
- Dry lips, mouth
- Poor concentration
Signs of diabetes insipidus in infants and young children involve:
- Poor weight gain
- Slow growth
- Trouble sleeping
- Heavy, wet diapers often
Complications of untreated diabetes insipidus can be – dehydration, mineral imbalance, etc. Due to mineral imbalance, you may get signs like weakness, lack of appetite, nausea, vomiting, confusion, muscle cramps, etc. early health evaluation by a medical expert ensures optimal relief. Make sure to consult a physician for first aid.
Types of Diabetes Insipidus
The following are types of diabetes insipidus:
- Central diabetes insipidus. Causes include problems with the pituitary gland or hypothalamus due to surgery, inflammation from tuberculosis, head injury, inherited gene mutation, tumor growth, etc.
- Nephrogenic diabetes. Causes can be an inability of the kidney to use antidiuretic hormone properly because of structural issues in the kidneys. This may happen due to chronic kidney disease, reduced levels of potassium or calcium, blocked urinary tract, etc.
- Gestational diabetes insipidus. Occurs in expectant mothers due to the placenta making an excessive amount of a specific enzyme that breaks down the antidiuretic hormone. Multiple pregnancies can put you at risk of this condition.
- Dipsogenic diabetes insipidus. Also termed primary polydipsia caused by an issue with the hypothalamus but not concerned with ADH production. Possible reasons may include schizophrenia, head injury, damage to the hypothalamus, obsessive-compulsive disorder, etc.
Diagnosis & Medical Care
A doctor first notices the signs of diabetes insipidus you have. In order to diagnose the condition, your doctor may recommend – a water deprivation test, blood tests, urinalysis, MRI, genetic screening. You may not require every single test, however.
Medical care rests on the type of diabetes insipidus. For central diabetes insipidus, synthetic hormones may be given. You can take these meds in form of tablets, injections, or nasal sprays. Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus may require diet modifications in combination with certain meds. Consult the best nephrologist at the leading hospital in Siliguri.
Often the same treatment goes to gestational diabetes insipidus. Primary polydipsia may require lifestyle improvements. If the patient has any mental illnesses, doctors may suggest mental health care. At the same time, doctors may prescribe meds for frequent urination at night.